Persia was thrilled with the weakened city-states. Tags: In "The First Peloponnesian War", Athenians agreed to a thirty year peace treaty with Sparta, but it only ended up lasting fourteen years before … The first phase is known as Archidamian War. Back to History for Kids answer choices . What allowed Philip II of Macedonia to conquer Greece? These wars also involved most of the Greek world, because both Athens and Sparta had leagues, or alliances, which brought their allies into the wars as well. Decelean War or Ionian War: name of the last part of the Peloponnesian War (431-404). This suggests that Thucydides thinks all the other events are just excuses and pretences. Civil wars are the most devastating. Paul addressed what group of philosophers in 1st Corinthians? The dispute over Corcyra was a result of the dispute of the Epidamnus and leads to the dispute of the Potidaea. In the Polis, where would one find two people discussing politics and debates. The Athenian general and histo … With no certainties, people can do what ever they want. Based on historical evidence, experts have divided this war into 3 different phases. For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the Ancient Greece - Peloponnesian War webquest print page. A brief treatment of the Peloponnesian War follows. Thucydides explains the next contributing factors for the cause of the Peloponnesian War was the dispute over the Corcyraeans. The man known for advancing science in the Hellenic age is whom? The roots of the Peloponnesian war can be traced long before 431 BCE, when it officially started What two major events occurred during the Middle Ages? ", Some do not celebrate his accomplishments. Peloponnesian War: The Peloponnesian War was a conflict fought in ancient Greece between city-states. In the Council of 500... [choose all that may apply]. The Sicilian Expedition was an Athenian military expedition to Sicily, which took place from 415–413 BC during the Peloponnesian War between the Athenian empire, or the Delian League, on one side and Sparta, Syracuse and Corinth on the other. Caused by the growing tension between Athens and Sparta, it came and left, leaving only destruction in its wake. Someone who could not marry an Athenian resident. Athenian influence began to rise greatly amongst the Greek city-states. Which of the following Greek city-states was known for horse breeding? What happened as a result of the Peloponessian War? About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at Ancient Greece - Peloponnesian War. The Aegean civilizations formed around what time? Which of the following Greek city-states is known for pottery, stone and bronzeware? Athenian influence began to rise greatly amongst the Greek city-states. Thucydides is mistaken in his famous assertion that "[w]hat made war inevitable was the growth of Athenian power and the fear which this caused in Sparta". What phrase best describes the Greek gods? Hera- queen of the gods; goddess of marriage and empires, What were three contributions of Alexander the Great? The war featured two periods of combat separated by a six-year truce. The war began in 431 BC and lasted until 404 BC. There was a truce period of 30 years before the Peloponnesian wars started between Athens and Sparta. Which philosopher argued that truth came from observation and experimentation? Spread Greek Culture, Unified East and West, Which statement best describes the way the world views Alexander "the Great? The man who wrote a biased account of the Persian War is known as? Who established the first law code for Athens? Of the governing entities of Sparta, which one had the authority to veto all legislation and decide the fate of new born children? The first phase, the Archidamian War , had ended in 421 with something that came close to an Athenian victory. Both powers had demonstrated a reluctance for head-on war over matters peripheral to their respective spheres About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at Ancient Greece - Peloponnesian War. According to the map of Ancient Greece, what gulf separates the Balkan Peninsula and Pelopennesus? The expedition was hampered from … when the Thebans launched a surprise attack on Plataea, who as a partner of Athens. What two factors led to a decrease in the Spartan population between 700BC and 300 BC. What statement best describes Alexander the Great? The Greek city-states within the Persian Empire in Asia Minor revolter - Ionian Revolt 499-493 BCE. What led to Athenian defeat in the Peloponnesian War? The Corcyra never joined the … The evolution of the city state followed as such--Monarchy. Match those kingdoms with their respective provinces. Linear A is the language best associated with what Aegean Civilization? Peloponnesian War, (431–404 bce), war fought between the two leading city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta. The Myceanean civilization was discovered by whom? happy Studying! The school of thought in Hellenistic society that Paul addressed in Acts 17 is what? In 435 BC …show more content… Although Potidaea was a member of the Delian League, Athens and her allies, it had maintained the right to receive magistrates from its mother city every year. This disagreement led to friction and eventually outright war. The Peloponnesian War was brought about by the rivalry that existed between Athens and Sparta and provoked by Spartan allies who felt threatened by Athens’ growth. Which Greek philosopher believed in two worlds--spiritual and physical? Which school of thought argued that truth is relative and there are no absolute truths? Thucydides also states in his History of the Peloponnesian War, “What made war inevitable was the growth of Athenian power and fear it caused to Sparta” (Thucydides, 49). Diodorus' statement that Athenian unwillingness to revoke the Megarian Decree was the direct cause of the war, makes sense. Athens' strength had once been her navy. Greece settled areas outside of Balkan Peninsula. Pericles. The war commenced on 4 April 431 B.C. 14. The first phase is known as Archidamian War. This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region. Which school of thought in Hellenistic society consider it pointless to worry about tomorrow? In Hellenistic Society, what school of thought argued that man should respect the law and ignore pleasure. His on the scene reporting was the first of its kind and has been used by historians and … Sparta couldn't risk letting Athens become strong again, so it demanded stringent concessions at the end of the Peloponnesian War. The Peloponnesian Wars ("The Great War" 431-404 BC) The Peloponnesian Wars were a series of conflicts between Athens and Sparta. Alexander, when dying, said his empire would go to whom? - Highest offices were held by the aristocrats. It was a struggle for power between the ancient Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta . The Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) started with Athenian naval victories. Greek sculpture is a classic example of the glorification of what? The school of thought that argued that freedom from pain is the only way to achieve happiness is what? Which of the following Greek city-states was home to one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Temple of Artemis? The Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE) was fought between Athens and its empire, known as the Delian League, and the Peloponnesian League, led by Sparta. The Peloponnesian war between Athens and Sparta evolved from a string of events which I am going to look at to see if there was a single cause for this war. What was the largest impact made by Hellenistic culture? The violent actions of Spartan leader Pausanias at the siege of Byzantium, for instance, alienated many of the Greek states from Sparta, and led to a shift in the military command of the Delian League from Sparta to Athens. Where did Themistocles defeat Xerxes in a naval battle? 3rd Cause. Giovanni Parmeggiani. [choose all that might apply]. Which member of Spartan society best fits this statement: "Strict training was necessary to encourage military discipline and loyalty to Sparta.". In Homer's epics, who played the significant role? The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). Of the following concepts, which one is not Greek in origin? In this war, Sparta invaded Attica several times, while Athens used its naval might attack the Peloponnesian coast to put down any signs of unrest. What phrase best describes the Battle of Marathon? What phrase best describes the Battle of Marathon? The man known for advancing Science in the Hellenic age is whom. In which of the following Greek city-states did Philip of Macedon, and through him Alexander, learn military tactics? Athenian control of Delian League, Used other city-states money to rebuild Athens, city states were forced to stay. What two major events occurred during the Middle Ages? UA Unicorns - World History - This website is a resource for anyone who needs some help studying for major subjects in school. In which of the following Greek city-states did Philip of Macedon, and through him Alexander, learn military tactics? What best describes the belief of the Ancient Greeks? Between Greece and Sparta, which statement best fits with Sparta? The Causes There were three major causes to the Peloponnesian War the first being that after the Persian Wars Athens was threatening Sparta for military dominance, Athens was dominating it's allies and neighboring city states and Sparta insulting Athens during the Helot As the preeminent Athenian historian, Thucydides, wrote in his influential History of the Peloponnesian War, "The growth of the power of Athens, and the alarm which this inspired in Lacedaemon, made war inevitable." There is much myth as there is fact about the man. According to him, within a given system of states, a certain hierarchy among the states determined the pattern of their relations. The Peloponnesian War was fought between 431 and 404 bc . 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