Khawng Nu* was 22 years old when she was trafficked from the state of Kachin, northern Myanmar, to China. It involves putting or keeping someone in an exploitative situation, usually for profit. Myanmar courts later released 13 of the individuals, but four complainants remain in prison. A UN Women programme is supporting local partner, Htoi Gender and Development Foundation, in providing legal support and vocational training to survivors. Like other Mekong countries, human trafficking in Myanmar is seriously rising in scope and numbers. Upon arrival in China, she discovered that her womb would be the ‘factory’. [2] Nevertheless, limited capacity and training of the police coupled with a lack of transparency in the justice system make it uncertain whether all trafficking statistics provided by authorities were indeed for trafficking cases. The government of Myanmar reported forming three new anti-trafficking units in 2009, and reported a 40 percent overall increase in spending on prevention efforts. [10] In 2018 Myanmar was downgraded to Tier 3, as the minimum standards for eliminating trafficking were not being met and no efforts were seen to be made to meet them. Htoi provides rescued women and girls with legal aid, psychosocial counselling, referrals to services, skills training for their economic recovery and human trafficking awareness training. Thet Naung said he was disappointed by Myanmar’s ranking in the TIP report and maintained his unit was trying to tackle trafficking more effectively. Myanmar law enforcement reported continued cooperation with Chinese counterparts on cross-border trafficking cases, including joint operations, as well as general cooperation with Thai authorities. Drivers who smuggle illegal workers into Thailand go to villages to recruit minors, and then transport them to the border. [6], In other cases, children from Myanmar were tricked during their recruitment, and not paid for the jobs they were promised. “They give pills to women and inject them with sperm for them to carry babies for Chinese men,” explains Khawng Nu, adding that women would supposedly receive 1 million MMK (USD 632) once the baby was born. During the reporting period, 17 complainants and their associates in a series of forced labor cases involving 328 farmers in Magwe Division were prosecuted and jailed by local authorities for their role in reporting forced labor perpetrated by local government officials. Economic con… Khawng Nu says they were beaten and bullied if they put up any resistance. No one has been held accountable for the serious crimes committed by government security forces. [2], While forced labor is widely considered to be the most serious trafficking problem in Myanmar, authorities reported that most trafficking cases investigated and prosecuted involved women and girls subjected to forced marriage or intended to be subjected to forced marriage. Many men, women, and children from Thailand, Malaysia, China, Bangladesh, India, and South Korea who migrate abroad for work are trafficked into conditions of forced or bonded labor or commercial sexual exploitation. [2] Military and civilian officials subject men, women, and children to forced labor. [2] In 2009, the ILO continued to receive and investigate forced labor complaints; 93 cases were submitted to the Myanmar government for action, an increase from 64 cases in 2008; 54 cases remain open and are awaiting a response from the government. Exploitation can involve situations including forced or debt-bonded labour, child labour, sexual … The drugs seized in the 2019-2020 … The ethnic minorities from Myanmar working in Thailand were also found to have the lowest education in all minor workers surveyed, at about 1.3 years, and Burmese were found to have only a slightly higher education level, on average roughly four years. Photo: UN Women/Stuart Mannion, Khawng Tse, a 35-year-old internally displaced person (IDP) from Ayeyar Ward in the city of Myitkyina, Khawng Tse is completing her sewing classes and will receive a sewing machine from Htoi, with the support of UN Women. The regime did not permit UNICEF access to children who were released through the government's mechanisms for follow-up purposes. Sex trafficking victims in the country are from all ethnic groups in Myanmar and foreigners. Children of the urban poor are at particular risk of involuntary conscription; UN reports indicate that the army has targeted orphans and children on the streets and in railway stations, and young novice monks from monasteries for recruitment. (www.voicesforburma.org) Myanmar’s trafficking solutions Communication and research around the patterns and causes of trafficking in Myanmar need to be scaled up for more effective programming in at-risk communities. “Human trafficking is common not only in border areas. The government reported identifying 302 victims, most of whom were victims of forced marriage rather than explicitly trafficking victims, and reported assisting an additional 425 victims identified and repatriated by foreign governments in 2009, including 293 from China and 132 from Thailand. Eventually, both girls’ families were able to pay a ransom of sorts for their return. “They are not allowed to breastfeed or to give their babies a name.”. Some undocumented people, including Rohingya entering Myanmar from Bangladesh, also sneak into Thailand, from where they are smuggled to Malaysia. [2] [2] “As a Kachin woman, I was driven to advocate for the equal rights of women in Kachin,” explains Htoi Director Nang Pu. The Anti-Trafficking in Persons Law was established in Myanmar in 2005 and Myanmar was the first country in the Mekong region to pass a comprehensive anti-human trafficking law in line with international standards. *All names have been changed and family names avoided to protect survivos’ identity, Khawng Nu, now 24, was duped by a woman from her rural village in Myanmar, who sent her to a birth trafficking ring in China. Common not only political instability, but also the country 's poverty the... One time, according to the border in search of employment and become vulnerable to by... 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