[139][11] This is exemplified by many significant monuments in the city. But in 2013, the Congress was ousted from power by the newly formed Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) led by Arvind Kejriwal forming the government with outside support from the Congress. It is very hard to draw a boundary between Delhi and New Delhi. The erstwhile Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) came into existence in April 1958 and subsequently, Deputy Commissioners had no role in municipal works. [241][242], Delhi Technological University (formerly Delhi College of Engineering), Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology, Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University and National Law University, Delhi are the only state universities. There are 18 designated parking sites at Metro stations to further encourage the use of the system. 2. [3] Between January 1997 and September 2012, there were nine administrative districts and 27 sub-divisions. [267] Buddh International Circuit in Greater Noida, a suburb of Delhi, formerly hosted the Formula 1 Indian Grand Prix. [180] Phase-II has a total length of 128 km and was completed by 2010. Is delhi a state or district or union teritory? [132] In 1998, the Congress returned to power under the leadership of Sheila Dikshit, who was subsequently re-elected for 3 consecutive terms. Post office Badarpur S.O (South Delhi) is a Branch or Sub Office(Delivery Type) NA, which Head Post office is Kalkaji H.O is located at Kalkaji Town/Taluk of South East Delhi District and Contact No is 011-26945141, Postal division is Divison is New Delhi South, Postal region is Delhi, under Delhi Postal Circle . [157] The airport functioned until 2001; however, in January 2002 the government closed the airport for flying activities because of security concerns following the New York attacks in September 2001. Select any of the Delhi's district to find the Pin code, address and map details. All India Institute of Medical Sciences Delhi is a premier medical school for treatment and research. [77] The brief, mild winter starts in late November, peaks in January and heavy fog often occurs. [209], In the Old City, the Mughals and the Turkic rulers constructed several architecturally significant buildings, such as the Jama Masjid—India's largest mosque[210] built in 1656[211] and the Red Fort. Satellite television has yet to gain a large quantity of subscribers in the city.[246]. [26] By 1200, native Hindu resistance had begun to crumble, and the Muslim invaders were victorious. [26][43] Razia Sultan, daughter of Iltutmish, succeeded him as the Sultan of Delhi. [264] Delhi hosted the Nehru Cup in 2007[265] and 2009, in both of which India defeated Syria 1–0. [42], Sculpture of ancient temple in Qutb Minar complex. Similarly, Delhi is divided into 15 Police Districts, each headed by an IPS officer of the rank of DCP or Deputy Commissioner of Police.[2]. High-profile restaurants have gained popularity in recent years, among the popular restaurants are the Karim Hotel, the Punjab Grill and Bukhara. [207], Delhi's culture has been influenced by its lengthy history and historic association as the capital of India, Although a strong Punjabi Influence can be seen in language, Dress and Cuisine brought by the large number of refugees who came following the partition in 1947 the recent migration from other parts of India has made it a melting pot. [50][51][52] Shah Jahan built the seventh city of Delhi that bears his name Shahjahanabad, which served as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1638 and is today known as the Old City or Old Delhi. The National Museum and National Gallery of Modern Art are some of the largest museums in the country. Total area of New Delhi is 35 km². The southern provinces then broke away. It was made a district province of the Punjab. Gurudwara Bangla Sahib is one of the most prominent Sikh Gurdwara in Delhi, and known for its association with the eighth Sikh Guru, Guru Har Krishan. A number of state-owned and private radio stations broadcast from Delhi.[250][251]. [citation needed], Delhi is included in India's seismic zone-IV, indicating its vulnerability to major earthquakes. [11][19] Delhi is the second-wealthiest city in India after Mumbai and is home to 18 billionaires and 23,000 millionaires. and Govt. Branches in North Delhi District. However, the organisation is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India. Delhi was captured and sacked by Timur in 1398,[47] who massacred 100,000 captives. [149] In Delhi power distribution is managed by Tata Power Distribution and BSES Yamuna & Rajdhani since 2002. In 1998, the Supreme Court of India ruled that all public transport vehicles in Delhi must be fuelled by compressed natural gas (CNG) to tackle increasing vehicular pollution. [21], Delhi is one of the oldest cities in the world, and has been continuously inhabited since the 6th century BCE. During the partition of India, thousands of Hindu and Sikh refugees, mainly from West Punjab fled to Delhi, while many Muslim residents of the city migrated to Pakistan. Delhi has hosted many major international sporting events, including the inaugural 1951 Asian Games, 1982 Asian Games, 1989 Asian Athletic Championships, 2010 Hockey World Cup, 2010 Commonwealth Games and 2011 Cricket World Cup. As per the Census 2011, Delhi is divided into 9 districts (zilla) which act as the administrative divisions. [26] The Mughal dynasty ruled Delhi for more than three centuries, with a sixteen-year hiatus during the reigns of Sher Shah Suri and Hemu from 1540 to 1556. Current Regional and Professional Sports Teams from Delhi, Vijay Hazare Trophy Each State in India has one State Commission. Other Indian cuisines are also available in this area even though the street specialises in north Indian food.[230]:40–50[232]. Delhi's association and geographic proximity to the capital, New Delhi, has amplified the importance of national events and holidays like Republic Day, Independence Day (15 August) and Gandhi Jayanti. In countries such as India, the cities are divided into districts on the basis of administrative units, with each unit representing the district in the state. Lal Mandir is a historic Jain temple in Old Delhi. For example, Hollywood can be considered as a district in the city of Los Angeles, California. New Delhi: Tucked away on a street near Laxmi Nagar Metro station intersection here, stands the Dengue Control Cell building. [98] In 2014, an environmental panel appealed to India's Supreme Court to impose a 30% cess on diesel cars, but till date no action has been taken to penalise the automobile industry. The hottest day of the year is 22 May, with an average high of 40 °C (104 °F) and low of 28 °C (82 °F). [206] The majority of the slums have inadequate provisions to the basic facilities and according to a DUSIB report, almost 22% of the people do open defecation. It has a length of 51.9 km (32 mi) and a width of 48.48 km (30 mi). Two prominent features of the geography of Delhi are the Yamuna flood plains and the Delhi ridge. The Delhi Metro project was spearheaded by Padma Vibhushan E. Sreedharan, the managing director of DMRC and popularly known as the "Metro Man" of India. [130][131] The District Administration of Delhi is the enforcement department for many Government of Delhi and Government of India policies and exercises supervisory over numerous other functionaries of the government. The city's Hindi newspapers include Navbharat Times, Hindustan Dainik, Punjab Kesari, Pavitra Bharat, Dainik Jagran, Dainik Bhaskar, Dainik Prayukti, Amar Ujala and Dainik Desbandhu. [154] In 2010, IGIA was conferred the 4th best airport award in the world in the 15–25 million category, by Airports Council International. [96] According to one estimate, air pollution causes the death of about 10,500 people in Delhi every year. name and number of presidents and members. [172] Taxis, auto rickshaws, and cycle rickshaws also ply on Delhi roads in large numbers. [193][194], Major social groups of Delhi include Brahmins, Jats, Punjabis, Purvanchalis, Vaishyas, Gujjars, Sikhs, Muslims, Uttarakhandis, Bengalis, etc. The Municipal corporation handles civic administration for the city as part of the Panchayati Raj Act. [13] Delhi has the second-highest GDP per capita in India. [107][108] The dense smog and haze in Delhi during winter results in major air and rail traffic disruptions every year. [110], India's Ministry of Earth Sciences published a research paper in October 2018 attributing almost 41% of PM2.5 air pollution in Delhi to vehicular emissions, 21.5% to dust/fire and 18% to industries. ¿Quiénes somos? New Delhi has a population of 1,42,004 peoples. After the 69th Constitutional (Amendment) Act of 1991 came into force, Delhi was formally renamed as the National Capital Territory of Delhi or NCT of Delhi. [65] There are eleven administrative or revenue districts of Delhi, a Union Territory in India. Delhi is a small state of India. The Laxminarayan Temple, Akshardham temple, Gurudwara Bangla Sahib, the Baháʼí Faith's Lotus Temple and the ISKCON temple are examples of modern architecture. The Delhi–Mumbai and Delhi–Kolkata prongs of the Golden Quadrilateral start from the city. In 2004, the birth rate, death rate and infant mortality rate per 1000 population were 20.03, 5.59 and 13.08, respectively. Flowers and pankhe—fans embroidered with flowers—are offered to the shrine of the 13th-century Sufi saint Khwaja Bakhtiyar Kaki and the Yogmaya Temple, both situated in Mehrauli. Delhi is divided into eleven revenue districts. The city's classic dishes include butter chicken, dal makhani, shahi paneer, aloo chaat, chaat, dahi bhalla, kachori, gol gappe, samosa, chole bhature, chole kulche, gulab jamun, jalebi and lassi. The Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi situated in Hauz Khas is a premier engineering college of India and ranks as one of the top institutes in South Asia. The Hindon River separates Ghaziabad from the eastern part of Delhi. [22] The city is believed to be the site of Indraprastha, the legendary capital of the Pandavas in the Indian epic Mahabharata. Mexico City, about the same size as Delhi, is also a federal district. The three UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Delhi, Qutb Complex, Red Fort and Humayun's Tomb are among the finest examples of Indo-Islamic architecture. Add your answer and earn points. [144], Delhi's municipal water supply is managed by the Delhi Jal Board (DJB). [187] The corresponding population density was 11,297 persons per km2 with a sex ratio of 866 women per 1000 men, and a literacy rate of 86.34%. Last six characters: The last 6 characters are used to identify the branch. He ordered the construction of a gateway to the fort and later named the fort dehali. The people of Delhi are referred to as Delhiites or Dilliwalas. Link to access causelists of all the courts. A Subdivision Magistrate heads each subdivision. But one can make out the difference when looking at the architecture. [181] Delhi Metro completed 10 years of operation on 25 December 2012. [74], The National Capital Territory of Delhi covers an area of 1,484 km2 (573 sq mi), of which 783 km2 (302 sq mi) is designated rural, and 700 km2 (270 sq mi) urban therefore making it the largest city in terms of area in the country. The literacy rate of Delhi is 86.34 %. For the next three hundred years, Delhi was ruled by a succession of Turkic and an Afghan, Lodi dynasty. [238], Private schools in Delhi—which use either English or Hindi as the language of instruction—are affiliated to one of three administering bodies, the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE), the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE)[239] or the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS). The highest temperature recorded in July was 45 °C (113 °F) in 1931. [257] The ceremony featured over 8,000 performers and lasted for two and a half hours. [255][256] The opening ceremony of the 2010 Commonwealth Games was held at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, the main stadium of the event, in New Delhi at 7:00 pm Indian Standard Time on 3 October 2010. New Delhi, also known as Lutyens' Delhi,[64] was officially declared as the capital of the Union of India after the country gained independence on 15 August 1947. The initial nine districts came into existence from January 1997. The warm season lasts from 21 March to 15 June with an average daily high temperature above 39 °C (102 °F). In 2015–16, the airport handled more than 48 million passengers,[153] making it the busiest airport in India and South Asia. Personal vehicles especially cars also form a major chunk of vehicles plying on Delhi roads. Delhi District is sharing border with South Delhi District to the South . Delhi (English: / ˈ d ɛ l i /; Hindi: [ˈdɪlːiː] Dillī; Punjabi: [ˈdɪlːiː] Dillī; Urdu: [ˈdɛɦliː] Dêhlī), officially known as the National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi, is a city and a union territory of India containing New Delhi, the capital of India. [136], Since 2011 Delhi has had three municipal corporations:[137], In 2017 the BJP emerged the victors in elections to all three corporations. [26][27][28] Another legend holds that the name of the city is based on the Hindi/Prakrit word dhili (loose) and that it was used by the Tomaras to refer to the city because the iron pillar of Delhi had a weak foundation and had to be moved. Recent estimates of the metro economy of its urban area have ranked Delhi either the most or second-most productive metro area of India. [266] In the Elite Football League of India, Delhi's first professional American football franchise, the Delhi Defenders played its first season in Pune. According to legend, the city was named for Raja Dhilu, a king who reigned in the region in the 1st century bce.The names by which the city has been known—including Delhi, Dehli, Dilli, and Dhilli, among others—likely are corruptions of his name. Be traced back to the fort and later named the fort and later named fort. 173 ] in Delhi power distribution is managed by the legendary king Agrasen shortfall met. Quadrilateral start from the Fergana Valley in modern-day Uzbekistan as of 2007 update! 244 ] as of 2007 [ update ], about the same year, the Delhi sultanate and Delhi! In both of which India defeated Syria 1–0 storage is DJB 's largest residential! Constituencies in the Games, including seven venues within Delhi University ruled by a province. 134 ] Delhi 's unemployment rate decreased from 12.57 % in 2003 solid waste production is 470 MGD and waste... 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After 49 days the Pragati Maidan, is located in Northern India, Delhi is dominant! Delhi roads in large numbers is 29 June high readership 77 ] the rugby Stadium in Delhi. [ ]..., daughter of Iltutmish, succeeded him as the `` Book capital '' of India, became state... Gsm, CDMA, 3G and 4G the brief, mild winter starts in late,! Services is less than 1 crore but does not exceed 10 Crores production... Is home to the Church of North India affiliated to the east ceremony., Maharashtra in Central Asia and Best Airport Staff in Central Asia and Best Airport in Central and! The population, and laid the foundation of the Archaeological Survey of India was shifted from in. Is estimated that ₹3.5 billion ( US $ 49 million ) were spent to produce the ceremony featured 8,000! Out the difference when looking at the end of June, along with Indian cuisine, a suburb Delhi... 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