Did Stalin betray the Russian Revolution? In Prose. Learn about different inspirations for Marxist students. Stalin, who was a second rate figure, reflected the interests of the bureaucrats. Was he a ruthless dictator with a personality cult, or a great leader of the USSR that accomplished great things? Get access to this section to get all the help you need with your essay and educational goals. Stalin was a horrible guy, but many historians seem to argue that Stalin did it in cause for the Revolution. It is the only serious Marxist analysis of what happened to the Russian Revolution after the death of Lenin. What are your opinions on Stalin? Asked by Wiki User. Party Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, which opens on June 28 is explosively underway. For Stalin, the only way to avoid this was to rapidly galvanise all resources available and bring about an industrial revolution, a ‘revolution from above’. Answer. At the Yalta conference he refused to support the Greek Communist party, thereby letting it disintegrate and with it the chances of infiltrating Western Europe’s ‘Iron Curtain’. Stalin's death. Marx wasn’t born a Marxist, many different things pull people towards Marxist ideas or inspire them think in a certain way. GCSE. The housing question in Britain: a history of struggle, Trotsky’s advice to young Marxists – “don’t spread yourself too thin”, ‘A Christmas Carol’ and the horrors of bourgeois morality. Sadly for Stalin and Russia’s long-suffering peasantry, his trust in Hitler was misplaced and operation Barbarossa was launched in September 1941, too late in the year on the Nazis’ part to avoid the treacherous Russian winter. Even the tools that the tsars used were similar to Stalin’s; the Ochrana and NKVD carried out much the same kind of persecution and terror, except that Stalin’s NKVD was many times more severe. (repost of deleted question) A user posted a question with this title and the following text, but then deleted it after I answered: I hear many people say that if Vladimir Lenin would have lived long enough for Trotsky to come to power that the USSR would have never collapsed. Even after Communism had been made secure in the USSR, he showed no interest in spreading it. Answer Save. According to Mark Kramer he saw repression by the state as a pragmatic necessity, and there was no question of what Trotsky called “so-called morality”2.Nationalism was not a Marxist feature. Observation - Disorganisation • During a Home-Economics practical session a disorganised teacher was observed. Unfortunately, the revolutions in other countries were betrayed by their reformist leaders. Trotsky's advice to young Marxists: "It is better to read one book and read it well; it is better to master a little bit at a time and master it thoroughly. However, the book was never finished as Trotsky was murdered by a Stalinist agent in August 1940. Trotsky was not without fault – he was a harsh man, the commander of the Red Army who advocated the use of chemical weapons to suppress the Krondstadt rebellion. While the Tsar lived in the opulence of the Winter Palace, Stalin was widely held to be living a modest life; paradoxically the only part of Marxist doctrine he did not seem to twist to suit himself. Lenin appeared to want to be in conflict with the majority of his people; it is clear he did not listen to their wishes. With no support from any countries, the Russian Revolution was in a “besieged fortress”. If Napoleon betrayed the Revolution then he betrayed the ideals of Liberty, equality and fraternity. Indeed, the implications of this are so massive that the historian Volkogonov – albeit a known anti-Leninist – wrote that “all of the evil in the soviet system in its 74-year existence stemmed from Lenin”. I support at least 50-60% of almost everything Stalin and Mao did , which is way more than any other leader I can think of. And what are the revolutionary ideals that Napoleon allegedly betrayed? The Opposition did not oppose the formation or maintenance of the bloc. However, taking into account the fact that Marx and Engels foresaw Communism as a ‘utopia’, it was not in reality even a ‘dictatorship of the proletariat’ in any shape or form, since the people had no say in how their lives were run under Lenin or Stalin. The response to the Krondstadt civil rebellion highlights Lenin’s dictatorial tendencies; it was a protest against the harshness of Bolshevik rule, and it was put down by force. ‘Democracy’ as such in Russia lasted exactly one day, January 6, 1918 before the Constituent Assembly was shut down by force. Stalin’s dictatorship in the USSR can be characterised as a degeneration workers’ state, where the economy is nationalised, but the working class has been denied control by a monstrous regime run by bureaucratic and dictatorial methods. Trotsky, who opposed Stalinism to the end, wrote a biography of Stalin, to explain Stalin’s rise from obscurity to become the dictator of the Soviet Union. The ideal teacher. It was ironic that the Communist movement had become so dependent on one man in spite of its doctrine, which warned against putting faith in a leader, and its name, which emphasised the will of the ‘community’.Lenin justified the revolution by claiming it would be the ‘spark’ which would ignite the workers of the rest of the world, but the country was clearly not ready for revolution by Marx’s standards – in “a country of one hundred million peasants and five million proletarians”, Bolshevism was no mass movement. The Russian Revolution was the most important event in history, where for the first time the workers came to power and swept out all the landlords and capitalists. Who do you think was the more important figure in Russian history, Lenin or Stalin? Those who criticised Stalin’s isolationist policy were accused of being enemies of the state, or ‘Trotskyists’ – despite Trotsky, like Lenin, never having claimed to follow his own brand of Marxism. Key Stage 3. In conclusion. We do not need a bureaucracy as much of the economic organisation of society can now be computerised. This was the beginning of a period in which economic growth continued rapidly thanks to the planned economy (instead of a capitalist economy), but where the grip of the working class was increasingly weakened. Marxists can have high hopes therefore for the success of the world revolution which is already beginning to take shape amongst the working classes in every country. The only way of determining whether Napoleon consolidated or betrayed the revolution is to explore his actions such as his military success, Dictatorship and social reforms. It was the isolation of the revolution under terrible backward conditions that produced Stalinism. The Bolsheviks did not believe you could establish “socialism in one country”, especially in backward Russia, but was the beginning of a world socialist revolution. • They ended up asking each other what to do next and did not learn any skills. Only in this way will your powers of mental comprehension extend themselves naturally. However, this is repulsive to Marxist doctrine and arguably the least Marxist aspect of Stalin’s leadership was his lack of interest in spreading the workers’ revolution. He most certainly wasn't ten epitome. The NEP improved living conditions for the peasantry, and Lenin established a ‘smychka’2 or alliance with them, but he was also responsible for identifying the ‘kulak’ class which Stalin would later ‘liquidate’. That revolution was led by the Bolshevik Party under Lenin and Trotsky. Yes, Stalin betrayed the Revolution if you believe in Trostsky’s version of Communism. The attempt to explain or justify them “by changing circumstances” obviously won’t hold water. He did not just ‘ditch common decency’2, he was a cruel man who would not tolerate dissent; his attack on ‘factionalism’ to stop animosity in the party was hypocritical considering that he was responsible for the Russian SDP’s split into Bolshevik and Menshevik factions to begin with, in 1905. It could be said that in many ways Stalin ‘personalised’ the USSR. Alternatively his protection could be seen as just a symbol of his intense paranoia which had been with him since his deprived childhood3.Stalinism could be excused as just an attempt to secure isolated Russia’s place in a hostile world, with ‘Socialism In One Country’ being the only way in which there could be any socialism at all at a time when Trotsky’s ‘Permanent Revolution’ was looking like a na�ve dream. We are fighting for a workers’ democracy, where there is complete control by the working class. However if Napoleon did not betray the revolution, he consolidated the revolutionary ideals. While the free essays can give you inspiration for writing, they cannot be used 'as is' because they will not meet your assignment's requirements. Did Napoleon Bonaparte betray or uphold the ideals of the French Revolution during his tenure of power? If the revolution had succeeded in the West, the Russians would have been given assistance and the bureaucratic deformations eliminated. "My mother, father and I were all devoured by the Cultural Revolution," said Zhang, 60, who is now a lawyer. Stalin – the betrayer of the revolution The Russian Revolution was the most important event in history, where for the first time the workers came to power and swept out all the landlords and capitalists. Without a thorough knowledge of this work, it is impossible to understand the reasons for the collapse of the Soviet Union and the events of the last ten years in Russia and on a world scale. Yet everything Stalin did in power was justified by reference to Marxist-Leninist doctrine. The Marxist analysis contained within the book will be key for anyone attempting to understand either the USSR or the role of Stalin. Another feature identified with Stalin’s ‘rule by fear’ was the gulag penal system, established by Lenin and used for political opponents. He took responsibility for the protection and advancement of a country which was not his own; he insisted that the country and communism itself would ‘be crushed’ by the western capitalist powers within ten years. There will be no one party state, there will be free elections, the right of recall, no official on higher than workers’ wages and the rotation of all functions between different people. An understanding of Stalinism and its counter-revolutionary nature is vital for all socialists and revolutionaries. We know that sometimes it's hard to find inspiration, so we provide you with hundreds of related samples. T he historians of the Soviet Union cannot fail to conclude that the policy of the ruling bureaucracy upon great questions has been a series of contradictory zigzags. FIRSTLY I’D LIKE to recommend that the readers check out an important work in the history of Marxism: Leon Trotsky’s The Revolution Betrayed. On this basis, with a correct leadership, the world revolution is now far more likely to succeed and develop than was the case in the 20th century. "[It] was a catastrophe suffered by the Chinese nation. He consolidated his power by eliminating all opposition, including the Left Opposition of Trotsky. Since the original novella was released in 1843 under the title ‘A Christmas Carol. Unfortunately for the country concerned “you cannot make an omelette without breaking eggs”7; these words of Stalin’s in his 1939 work ‘A Critical Survey of Bolshevism” were perhaps an attempt at justifying his actions up to that date, and indeed a warning sign of what was to come.Siding with the hated fascist enemy in the 1939 Nazi-Soviet Pact was a prime example of Stalin’s many diversions from political ideology in favour of pragmatic solutions. Trotsky was a revolutionary who, along with Lenin, led the overthrow of the Russian Tsarist dynasty in … We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. • The teacher did not guide and assess the students. The first complete edition of Trotsky’s unfinished biography of Stalin has just been published by. Instead of world revolution, he put forward “socialism in one country”, which suited the bureaucrats. Those that spoke out, or just those who Stalin thought were likely to speak out, were silenced or had their stories disclaimed by the Stalinist media, always rewriting history in “the great Stalin school of falsification”4. The only way of determining whether Napoleon consolidated or betrayed the revolution is to explore his actions such as his military success, Dictatorship and social reforms. The British education system won’t tell you the truth. However, both men were criticised in Lenin’s testament. Many of the worker Bolsheviks were killed in the civil war waged the White counter-revolutionary armies backed by foreign intervention. This transformation amounted, in the regime’s own view, to a revolution, and it cut so deep, or so the official line maintained, that it was ‘equivalent in its consequences to the revolution of October 1917’. It was a U-turn on both Marxism and Lenin’s previous policy of ‘war communism’ and angered the left of the party. Stalin remained all his life true to the ideal of a classless, stateless world society. Update: if you can give me example of why he betrayed or upheld the ideals it would be good. Stalin continued to pursue policies aiming at eliminating the bourgeois class, notably the kulaks, and disclosing class gap. The central pillar of the dictatorship was the one party state; rival parties were banned such as the liberal Cadets, before the Bolsheviks became the only legal party. Black History Month: Fight for Liberation! Stalin did not know that without the development of heavy ... begin an evolution which always lands them in the camp of the counter-revolution. But the isolation sealed the fate the Revolution. The masses were tired and weary after years of war, civil war and exhaustion. He was certainly playing a Machiavellian game in politics and was clearly concerned about suffering the same fate as his rivals. The only way of determining whether Napoleon consolidated or betrayed the revolution is to explore his actions such as his military success, Dictatorship and social reforms. While the ideologists of capitalism maintain that we have come a long way since the days of slum tenements, the reality is that poor housing conditions are an everyday experience for many workers and youth and Britain. I think that's BS, but I'd like some hard evidence and opinions of other people to know if Stalin actually betrayed or fulfill the boundaries of the revolution. It must not be forgotten that Lenin ‘liquidated’ the Cossacks in what appeared to be a prototype of ‘de-kulakisation’. Other examples of Lenin’s less than perfect record are his control of the media introduction of limited capitalism to the country in the form of the New Economic Policy, discredited by Ball as the “New Exploitation of the Proletariat”. Whilst it would be easy to attribute the subsequent degeneration of the Russian Revolution to the cruel and power obsessed nature of Stalin’s character, this is a flawed analysis. Socialist revolution in the West be completely different to Russia in 1917. This book, along with many other works by Trotsky introduced an important concept that illustrates the phenomenon of the rise of people like Stalin and Mao: Proletarian Bonapartism. As Marx says, whilst individuals create their own history, they do not act as “free agents”, but are moulded by the objective conditions around them. 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